|“|| I believe everyone has at least one skill that they excel in over all others. It's something that defines who they are. Shion, what is it that defines you?
chaos (with a lowercase c), previously known as Yeshua, is a playable character in the Xenosaga series, with an origin shrouded in mystery. He is first met on the Elsa as a member of the crew (along with Tony, Hammer and Matthews) but described as being somewhat the protector of the spaceship.
He is the failsafe of the universe, the human incarnation of the power of Anima, and existed 6000 years ago on Lost Jerusalem (Earth) using the name Yeshua. At that time he was a disciple of Jesus Christ along with his partner Mary Magdalene. Yeshua was Jesus' closest friend. Because Jesus was unable to perform miracles due to being an ordinary human, Yeshua performed miracles for Jesus. Jesus, Yeshua and Mary Magdalene attempted to save the universe at various times, until Mary gave up her life to divide Yeshua's Anima powers.
chaos can also survive for an indeterminate length of time within the vacuum of outer space.
He is also capable of teleportation, an ability only possessed by the most powerful beings in the Xenosaga universe, such as the Testaments. This is demonstrated when he appears on the Elsa's bridge without the door opening (taking KOS-MOS off-guard) and when he disappears from a room while Andrew Cherenkov enters through the only door, reappearing further down in the Elsa's hangar.
chaos appears unaffected by physical aging and may be immortal, as is evidenced by the fact that he has the same physical appearance during the events that take place in the main story of Xenosaga, as well as during the time of the Miltian Conflict, Pied Piper, and even during the days of Jesus Christ.
chaos' magical hands Edit
chaos's power manifests from his fingertips and palms. Also, when dispersing Gnosis, the target must be touched by the fingertip. During numerous battles, he releases an aggressive surge from the palm. And then, although it is unknown whatever kind of effect such as that occurred, while on-board the Elsa as it rushed into the atmosphere of Second Miltia, both of chaos's hands were shining.
Thus, chaos's hands are always being covered by gloves. As the gloves become thinner-- as he gets closer to the state of being bare-handed-- the manifested ability grows larger. In Episode I his power stats rose as his gloves became thinner, with his most powerful set of gloves being tattered and full of holes, hence their name, "Holey Gloves", most likely a pun on Holy Gloves.
Because of this, especially because chaos is covered up by clothing to his fingertips, it is considered that he is suppressing his ability. Garments conceal himself all the way up to his fingertips. Even when doing kitchen work, he does not remove his gloves. Those strange circumstances are also possibly explained by the consideration of unique effects such as that. This situation also may be one of chaos's enigmas.
Anti-Gnosis power Edit
He has the ability to destroy Gnosis with a touch. He also exhibits psychic powers and, according to various people, superhuman strength. The full extent of his power and abilities is unknown.
Acting as a member of the crew of the cargo and passenger ship Elsa -- along with ship's captain Matthews, navigator Hammer, and helmsman Tony -- chaos is not a necessary personnel for flying the ship. However, chaos is the capable person who ensures a safe flight. That is because, among the crew of the Elsa, he is the sole existence who has a means of opposing Gnosis. After rescuing Shion's group who had escaped from the Woglinde, the power of chaos, which repelled the Gnosis that had come to infiltrate the Elsa, was something completely distinctive from the defense measure that KOS-MOS holds.
A Gnosis is a non-physical existence. Therefore, humanity, who holds nothing but physical intervening power, finds it necessary to affix Gnosis into the physical by using the Hilbert Effect. By placing the target on the same stand-point as the self, it constructs a condition that allows mutual influence. A person who crawls along the ground is not able to touch a person who flies in the sky. There is nothing but a one-sided interference by the fliers. Therefore, it is necessary for the fliers to be dragged down to the surface of the ground. This is the anti-Gnosis means devised by man. However, chaos's power is close in relationship to fellow fliers. For him, it is not necessary to affix the physical by means of the Hilbert Effect. It is a power to erase an existence of unknown true shape, whatever that unknown true shape may be. Also, the true shape of that power itself is unknown. The anti-Gnosis ability chaos holds is not in a state that can be completely understood logically, both in theory and law. In comparison with KOS-MOS's orderly anti-Gnosis measure, chaos's is something done with disorder in which everything is concealed in enigma.
chaos is very mysterious when he appears, but is peaceful, kind, respectful, gentle and soft-spoken, with a philosophical wisdom and maturity. Most people, even complete strangers, express how calming and soothing his presence is, often opening up to him completely with their problems, as was the case with Jin Uzuki, Allen Ridgeley, and Canaan who wishes in Episode III that chaos could be his creator. Rarely does he seem upset or stressed out, taking almost everything in stride, his easygoing and contemplative nature is such that Jr. even accuses him of being "so slow", though he is not without remorse when confronted with the death of his friends, allies, and former comrades-in-arms as seen with the death of Jin.
Throughout the series, chaos often has a worried melancholic expression on his face as his allies make decisions. Sometimes these expression seem as though he wants to say something, perhaps to warn them, but he often doesn't. This may be chaos adhering to his usual stance to allowing humanity free will to make their choices, for better or worse. In addition, chaos has lived for thousands of years, meaning he's probably seen many dark, disturbing, horrible and gruesome events during his life.
Although he often says that he doesn't like to fight, he does so anyway to protect others and to help his friends, most of his attack being based on the 'Holy' element. Mainly he seems to prefer the ether spells that use ice and aura/beam elements. This is the opposite of the majority of the party having fire or lightning attacks (especially Jr., Ziggy, and KOS-MOS).
According to Enneagram personality assessment, chaos, in his connection to people, is classified with a type-9 characteristic with Ziggy (calm and quiet, giving peace-of-mind to others, passive, distant). Because of chaos's speech and conduct, it can be inferred that a type-9's feature characteristic is being in a balanced, healthy state. Being calm and serene, being autonomous, having prominent composure and tranquility, with a wealth of receptiveness, stable also in emotion, and persevering with optimism; his is a personality that allows him to be a supportive person without putting on airs.
chaos, who tastes the whole and not just separate parts, by knowing that harmony, is able to love. Regarding his relationships with others, he desires to protect the harmony among those companions, possibly to the best of his ability. In this way, the very acceptance of human life and of the world, as the way it is, brings about a profound feeling of satisfaction in a type-9.
When confronted with the reality that there is not acceptance of the way things are, a type-9's heart trembles. chaos is in such an extremely healthy condition that it is to the degree of being unnatural for a human. Although being as if searching for something, although maintaining a secret that is not revealed to anyone, including also an existing condition that was insufficient, there is not even a hint that it is being restrained with such stress. Because of the strange conversation with KOS-MOS, he is able to catch a glimpse of the hidden depths; but even with that such reality, his heart does not become unhealthy. Though a type-9 who comes into contact with society generally does so with a passive attitude, because of this superhuman healthiness, he is an independent individual and possesses a self-awareness with which he is able to influence society proactively. Only a person who is able to develop himself as an individual, acknowledging other people, is able to love. With type-9s, only for a person who is healthy, who has an attitude such as that, is it possible to come into contact with the world. Also because of the personality classification such as his, it is evident that chaos is able to come into contact with every other person with a heart of friendship and love.
In the infancy of someone who forms a type-9, there is the tendency to equate the self with the character who replaces that or the parents. Due to this identity of feeling, the type-9's surface emotions are extremely stable, fulfilled in completeness, and he does not feel the necessity to distinguish between himself and a parent. A world of beautiful completeness, as if from myth and legend. A connection that is being played according to a flawless melody. In the originating portion of a type-9, such mysterious perfection is hidden.
The power of AnimaEdit
The power of Anima is paired with the power of Animus possessed by Mary Magdalene. This power of Anima holds the function of failsafe for the universe, in order to destroy the Lower Domain of the universe if ever the Lower Domain is near collapse by itself and to destroy the Upper Domain in the process. The power of Anima can also control the Relics of God to some extent.
chaos, or rather at this time, Yeshua, is the human incarnation in the real number domain of the Universe of the power of Anima, existing in the imaginary number domain from the lower plane of the universe. His existence is then similar to the one of Mary Magdalene, Wilhelm, the Testaments, and by extension to the existence of the Gnosis. Both he and Mary appeared simultaneously in their current form, never having been children. They are supposed to have appeared directly in the region near of Jerusalem due to their brown skin, unlike Wilhelm who would have appeared near Rome due to his white skin.
Ancient Lost Jerusalem EraEdit
In an extremely ancient era on Earth, Yeshua and Mary worked as disciple for the one known as the Messiah (Jesus Christ). Yeshua, Mary, Jesus and their followers were persecuted by Wilhelm, who as Guardian of the Lower Domain, saw them and their power as a threat to the life of the Lower Domain. Indeed, Anima being the failsafe power which must destroy the Lower Domain, in order to protect the whole universe. Considering the followers and Mary all had the ability to react with the Anima of Yeshua (also similar to the capacity of the Testament and most party members), Wilhelm feared the failsafe's activation, so he then persecuted the Messiah and all the others.
Yeshua helped Mary and those following her in the construction of Zarathustra, and his Anima was the main energy used to start it in order to try to save the universe by accessing the Upper Domain of the universe. Dmitri Yuriev would later attempt to act in a similar fashion, but for more selfish reasons. However, both Yeshua and Yuriev failed, and Zarathustra ended up falling into Wilhelm's hands while the situation for the universe got worse.
Even though very little is known about his life from this time, he knew the previous incarnation of Shion Uzuki, who was called the Maiden of Mary, and the previous incarnation of the characters having a Shining Will and possibly some others. Yet, due to their actions, his Anima came near to activation, and in order to prevent the destruction of the Lower Domain by the power of Anima, Mary divided Yeshua's power of Anima into 12 Vessels of Anima, but doing this cost her life and her consciousness to be scattered across the Collective Unconscious, which the U.M.N. would be based on. With his Anima power sealed by Mary Magdalene, chaos lost his power and became a spectator. chaos did not know why he had the Anima power or what it meant.
Yeshua chose, with those who followed her, Rennes-le-Château to keep Mary's body intact within a coffin and to hide her from Wilhelm. This was also where the Vessels of Anima were hidden.
Yeshua then took on the identity of chaos.
Modern Lost Jerusalem EraEdit
Little is known on what chaos did after those events. The only sure thing is that he also left Earth when humanity had to escape from it. It is known that Wilhelm controlled humanity since that time and apparently, chaos didn't have much way to oppose him without his powers.
When Wilhelm went to Rennes-le-Château to take the Vessels of Anima, he was unable to take Mary's body due to the possible existence of a safe guardian, who wasn't there any more when Shion entered the place: it can be theorized that chaos spent most of his time at Rennes-le-Château and is the one who stopped Wilhelm from taking Mary's body, since he disagreed with the Eternal Recurrence Wilhelm was planning.
Xenosaga: Pied PiperEdit
In this episode, chaos helps Jan Sauer (Ziggy) in the shadows.
At some point, for unknown reasons of being in the service of the Galaxy Federation military, chaos rose to high-level special operations status and was sent on a mission during the Miltian Conflict by Lieutenant General Helmer to aid Canaan in retrieving the U.R.T.V.s and the Y-Data. The U.R.T.V.s hold the power to neutralize the energy of the Zohar, but they also run the risk of causing the Zohar to go out of control. In order to prevent this worst-case scenario, the two operatives travel through the rubble-strewn streets of Miltia onboard the E.S. Asher.
During their mission, the U-TIC Organization activates the Song of Nephilim. Canaan starts to become affected by it, but he fights off being overcome by it. Nearby Federation Soldiers in A.M.W.S. are affected, and start attacking Canaan and chaos. Jin Uzuki arrives in time and aids them. Shortly after, Jin shows them to the U.R.T.V.'s location at Labyrinthos, headquarters of U-TIC. Margulis appears, and he, chaos and Jin fight. After the fight, Jin entrusts Canaan with information regarding the Miltian Conflict, which is also a fragment of the Y-Data. After Jin leaves something happens to Canaan (unknown if it affects chaos at all) and the information is inaccessible to him.
After that is a mystery but after sometime passes they find two of the U.R.T.V.s. They are Rubedo who is carrying out a wounded Nigredo. chaos ominously calls Rubedo a red horse who carries war while Nigredo, the black horse, carries famine — upon their tiny backs, they bear great calamity. chaos and Canaan rescue them both but no other U.R.T.V.s are reported being saved. Elsewhere, Albedo Piazzolla was injured and taken to the Song of Nephilim by Kirschwassers.
Intermission of 14 yearsEdit
At an unknown time after his military service to the Federation, chaos joined the Elsa Crew two years prior to the events of Episode I. He ensures the safety of the crew during their travels as protection against the Gnosis. In that respect, it could be said that chaos is ship security, as he certainly serves that function. But he also serves in many other ship tasks, such as several in-flight functions and the moving of cargo. Essentially, he is a jack-of-all-trades.
Xenosaga Episode I: Der Wille zur MachtEdit
He meets Shion, KOS-MOS, Allen Ridgeley and Andrew Cherenkov when they arrive on-board the Elsa. He seems to teleport into the bridge as the door doesn't open, which confuses KOS-MOS. Andrew Cherenkov is touched by a Gnosis, and chaos displays the unnatural ability to freeze it and make it disappear. When the group is impressed and curious, chaos says that it's just "something he can do" like a unique talent. Shion accepts that as a viable answer, replying, "I think I get it! It sort of makes sense when you put it that way." Allen isn't so convinced and attempts to call out chaos' supernatural anti-Gnosis powers, but has no choice but to let it slide for now. Oddly enough, no one suggests an analysis of chaos, as there may be something about him that can stop the Gnosis phenomenon.
Later, chaos heads to KOS-MOS hanger where he finds her sleeping. chaos wonders where the real her (Mary Magdalene) is, and says good night. He also meets Ziggy and MOMO Mizrahi when they arrive.
For much of the game, chaos has little effect on the plot and is mainly a supporting character.
In the Cathedral Ship, he comforts Shion after Cherenkov's death, telling her that the truth isn't always a pleasant thing to know.
In the ending, when the Elsa is crashing into Second Miltia, Nephilim's voice asks chaos, "What will you do?" As KOS-MOS saves the ship, chaos' gloves glow. In the anime adaption, chaos is shown as the one who allowed Mary to access her full power.
Xenosaga Episode II: Jenseits von Gut und BöseEdit
In Episode II, chaos serves as a minor supporting playable character.
Shion Uzuki and the rest of the party in the Elsa arrive at Second Miltia, where they part their separate ways. MOMO is escorted to her mother, Juli Mizrahi, by Jr., Ziggy and chaos. However, along the way, they are chased by U-TIC operatives wishing to capture MOMO once again. Fortunately, the attacks are thwarted.
Shion is reunited with her brother, Jin Uzuki, who is now running a bookstore. chaos has a talk with Jin about his relationship with Shion.
During the game, chaos pilots E.S. Asher with Jr.
After Jr. defeats Albedo, he becomes confused and upset. However, an incarnation of Sakura Mizrahi appears and comforts him, but her image is quickly replaced by chaos. It is possible that this incarnation of Sakura was an illusion created by chaos to assist Jr.
Although the space-time anomaly is destroyed, the Original Zohar remains floating in space. Before the Durandal and the Kukai Foundation can rush to acquire it, a star system-sized Gnosis appears: Abel's Ark. Abel's Ark retrieves the Original Zohar and vanishes. Both chaos and Wilhelm observe with deep interest. Wilhelm also calls chaos "Yeshua".
After these events, the party separates to try and lead normal lives, although Jin worries that the chain of events is not over because Ormus is still alive, and the Zohar was abruptly seized by a mysterious force.
Xenosaga Episode III: Also sprach ZarathustraEdit
In Episode III, chaos supports Shion's group for the majority of the story, however, he again doesn't have much impact on the plot. Like in Episode II, chaos co-pilots E.S. Asher with Jr. When chaos sees T-elos, he recognizes her resemblance to Mary Magdalene and is able to sense Mary Magdalene from her presence.
On Michtam, Shion has a flashback of being on Lost Jerusalem, specifically, Rennes-le-Château. In it, she enters Mary Magdalene's tomb and she finds him wearing another outfit, standing behind a cross. chaos says this means that Shion must have come for "her" and disappear. Shion then has another flashback of chaos with Jesus and Mary Magdalene, as well as of chaos leaving Mary Magdalene.
At the end of Episode III, chaos rejected the Eternal Recurrence, deciding to trust in the wills of humanity to change the future. He realized his power might be used to save the universe with the help of human wills who wish for it. His final cryptic instructions to Shion and friends was to lead humankind back to Lost Jerusalem. He states that the key to saving the universe could be found on Lost Jerusalem, yet does not elaborate on what this means. Although chaos believes they will likely all meet again on Lost Jerusalem, given how long it would take to travel there, this may be hinting at future incarnations.
After the awakened KOS-MOS restored his power to him, to slow the destruction of the universe and allow humanity more time to find Lost Jerusalem, chaos gathered the Gnosis (the rejecting wills of humans) into Nephilim Verum and performed a dimensional shift to Lost Jerusalem. Although chaos believed he would disappear with the release of his power, his consciousness lived on, as the consciousnesses of the universe still desired his existence. He still remains as the failsafe of the universe, although his future form is unknown.
After saving the Elsa by holding open one last U.M.N. gate to allow them to escape the shockwave of the dimensional shift, he is last heard speaking to KOS-MOS as she drifts through space. His last words: "I guess both you and I still exist in this world, after all. As long as people... as long as the universe desires it, we will continue to exist. We haven't finished what we have to do yet. So, until then, sleep well, KOS-MOS."
chaos was best friends with Jesus. chaos performed miracles for him, as well as protected Lemegeton, the Zohar control program which Jesus left behind.
Mary Magdalene, the incarnation of Animus, is described as having being close to Yeshua when she was alive. There is many speculation on the nature of their relationship, the most common being that of a lover one, though few thinks it could be that of a sister/brother one. Nephilim mentions Mary being vital to chaos and Wilhelm is convinced that Yeshua's death is the last thing Mary wants to happen.
They both followed the man known as the Messiah in ancient past, thinking his words were the best possible for humanity, somewhat risky since it activated fastly Anima due to the Apostle. After having failed with Zarathustra, Yeshua's power, when they became near to activate and to destroy the Lower Domain, were divided by Mary. As a result, she lost her powers and died after having done this. Yeshua chose Rennes-le-Château to protect her body and kept an eye on her body during his time on Lost Jerusalem.
He immediately saw Mary in KOS-MOS the first time they met. In the animation it is hinted he is the one allowing to KOS-MOS to use her full power, Mary's Animus, to destroy the Gnosis when she is in blue eyed mode the first time. Right before she saves the Elsa from being burnt, she says to him in passing "Relinquish your pain, unto me", that chaos recognize as being Mary Magdalene's word. When Shion sees Mary in her coffins at Rennes-le-Château, chaos is the one guarding it once more.
An enemy—though their connection cannot be confirmed, they know of each other, and Wilhelm refers to chaos as "Yeshua," a Hebrew name common a thousand years ago. Wilhelm throughout the games seeks to control or stop chaos's failsafe power from being used. chaos and Wilhelm disagree on how humanity will be saved. Wilhelm holds to the Eternal Recurrence, while chaos eventually sees the flaws of the continual recreation, the Gnosis being an example of this. chaos and Wilhelm do not desire each other's destruction but rather each others non-interference.
When chaos meets Shion on the bridge of the Elsa, he is immediately polite to her, Allen, and KOS-MOS, as he is with most people throughout the series. When asked by Matthews about what they should do with the passengers, he replied that they should ferry them to their destination, Second Miltia. After they were forced to strike down Cherenkov, he comforted the distraught Shion. Nephilim also implies that Shion is important to chaos in the Encephalon, though he does not respond. If this were true, it may be due to her connection to Mary.
chaos and Nephilim have interacted many times.
chaos uses gloves and his powers in combat. His powers are usually ether-based and is able to fight physically. He has also been shown to have the element affection with aura and ice in Episode II. chaos is a jack of all trades. His stats are similar to his fellow ally, Jr., as both have the ability to attack, but not excelling at ether magic or physical.
His techs in Episode I all have a reference to angels and heaven. He is the only party member to learn an ability over lvl 30, which he gains at lvl 50. This requires an ally to be KO to perform.
Tech Attacks Edit
- "Poor lost souls... may you be reborn again anew!"
- "I won't let anyone die!"
- "I guess there's no choice but to fight!"
- "Please stand down! I don't want meaningless bloodshed!"
- "This is no ordinary force! Everyone, be careful!"
- "Come on everyone, we still have a long ways to go!"
- "May all your souls rest in peace..."
- "Is everyone okay?"
- "Ugh... that was tougher than I expected..."
- "I'm sorry... everyone..."
- "Thanks... for the help..."
- "Unleash some of thy powers!"
- "Grant freedom to this soul bound by flesh!"
- "Grant light to the suffering that spreads through the abyss!"
- "Tired beings, wounded souls, feel my light of tranquility!"
- "The red horse carries war, and the black horse, famine. Upon those tiny backs, bear their great calamity."
- "May your bodies and souls find peace. Even if... it is but a short one." (rescuing Rubedo and Nigredo in the Miltian Conflict)
- "We all need a little help sometimes."
- "I believe everyone has at least one skill that they excel in over all others. It's something that defines who they are. Shion. What is it that defines you?"
- "Shion... the truth isn't always a pleasant thing to know." (comforting Shion after Cherenkov dies)
- "We're still here and none of us have turned into Gnosis. Perhaps we can take solace in that." (comforting Shion after Cherenkov dies)
- "Kindness... At times, it binds us." (to Allen)
- "Lost Jerusalem was once our homeland in the distant past, but no one can go near it now. Actually, nobody knows its location anymore." (to Shion)
- The country of the hills of Mud, the land of Mu, was sacrificed. Being twice upheaved it suddenly disappeared in one night. At last the surface gave way... and they sank along with their countries."
- "Learning the truth doesn't always lead to happiness. They might even be better off if they live without it. But sometimes, the truth seeks you out. I think the fact that Shion is here is telling us that. She must learn the truth."
- "What I can do is limited. I still don't even know how I should use this power. Why am I allowed to exist? I want to believe in the existence of order born from discord. That's why I'm with them."
- "One's reason for existing. That's a difficult question. I'd like to think it's for the people I care about, for everyone, but my existence doesn't necessarily mean people will be happy." (to Canaan)
- "This world is more flexible than you think. Even as we speak, ripples are spreading throughout the entire universe."
- "Shion, it's true, he's right. The future isn't set in stone. With the power of your wills, you can shape it into the future you desire."
- "I want to believe... in the light of human beings' will."
- "I guess both you and I still exist in this world, after all. As long as people... as long as the universe desires it, we will continue to exist. We haven't finished what we need to do yet. So, until then, sleep well, KOS-MOS."
- In Episode I, while on the curry delivery mission, Tony implies chaos is a poor chef by saying his leftovers (as well as Hammer's) are "bad".
- In Episode I, it is heavily implied that the Blue Testament (Luis Virgil) calls chaos "boss". From this, it can be deduced that chaos may be the leader of the Testaments. However, this plot point doesn't appear anywhere else (asides from chaos conversing with Wilhelm) and it may have been a dropped plot point.
- In official artwork, he is sometimes portrayed with six white angel wings. This may be a cherub reference, possibly implying chaos is a cherub. Kelvena from Xenogears is also symbolic of a cherub.
- His name is always deliberately written in the lowercase. This is a direct contrast to KOS-MOS's name which is always written in upper case, and is Greek for "Order." In other words, "chaos and ORDER".
- One of his attacks in Episode III is "Beloved Gospel".
- "Yeshua" is Hebrew for the name "Jesus."
- Lemegeton, the words Jesus left behind, can only be understood and spoken by chaos, due to being Anima. chaos, who acted as a disciple of the man called the Messiah in the time of Lost Jerusalem, left words behind. They were words for the sake of leading energy of the upper domain to the lower domain. By means of those words, chaos performed many miracles. It isn't concretely known what kind of miracles they were, but because chaos, a disciple of the Messiah, performed them, people perhaps found hope in the Messiah.
- One misconception is that chaos is Jesus, but this is extremely unlikely as chaos is seen with Jesus in a flashback. chaos seems to be a follower of Jesus, not Jesus himself. If chaos is Jesus, it seems more likely that chaos is imbued with Jesus' "will" (or a manifestation of Jesus' will), rather being a literal reincarnation of Jesus himself. Lemegeton may be interpreted as this "will". A popular fan theory is that chaos is Jesus' proxy and serves as his role - he represents Jesus, but he is not actually Jesus. In other words, chaos is imbued with the power of Jesus. This is similar to Lacan and Grahf and how Grahf does Lacan's will, but isn't Lacan himself. It can be interpreted that chaos is an extension of Jesus.
- It is implied that chaos may be a guardian angel sent to look after and protect humanity by some sort of higher existence (perhaps U-DO or "God"). He is often depicted with angelic wings and some of his attacks are "Angel Wings" and "Angel Blow". This would also explain his immortality.