|This article pertains to Xenogears: the sub-database of Xenosaga Wiki.|
Xenogears deals with many themes and topics.
Despite that the game was given a T for teen rating by the ESRB, the game discusses and deals with a lot of mature and controversial subject matter, such as religion, genocide, sexuality, discrimination, and more.
The game is known for its religious allusions, containing overtones of Gnosticism, Jewish mysticism, Jungian psychology, humanism, and Judeo-Christian Biblical symbolism, as well as questions about the nature of existence, humanity, culture, faith and religion.
According to Xenogears Perfect Works, the storyline is intended to ask the player what they would do in each case, as well as the power of 'blood' (connections between people), and fate.
Other interpretations see it also as a story about breaking from fate, and the fight to freely choose one's own path.
|This section contains theories based on the research or speculation of one or several fans. While based on official information, the theories themselves may not be officially verified by developers.|
This is a point list of notable topics touched on in Xenogears, as well as brief examples how. It deals with and examines:
- Alcoholism - Billy's father, Jessie Black, is a drunkard. In addition, there are many bars in the game
- Anima and animus - A major theme of the game.
- Art and the power of art
- Brainwashing (indoctrination, mind control, mental programming, and how it can become hardwired into the brain)
- Cannibalism, the ethics of procuring meat from unknown sources - Soylent Systems
- Child abuse
- Classism - Solaris and Nortune, Kislev
- Collective unconscious
- Consciousness (its development and evolution - the awakening of humanity's consciousness and its true potential - and cancer consciousness - how consciousness can become perverted)
- Deicide (god-killing) and angel-killing
- Differences in humanity (whether it be physical appearance, beliefs, languages, opinions, etc)
- Dysfunctional and abusive families
- Fear and a system built on fear - fear of death, being alone, outcasted, unwanted, rejected and never being good enough
- Free will, the power and physical manifestation of mental will and thought
- God (the relationship between humans and deities)
- Grief (loss and pain)
- Herd mentality and hive mentality - Monkey see, monkey do
- History (and rewriting history)
- Humans trying to play the role of "God" (Ye shall be as gods)
- Human condition
- Id, ego and super-ego
- Ignorance (ignoring truth)
- Inferiority complexes, jealousy - Ramsus, Dominia, and even Elly to an extent
- Language (humanity speaking different languages, how thoughts and words are connected, and how consciousness and language are connected)
- Life and existence
- Love (The ability to love humans because they are different, with a variety of opinions and beliefs, so that humanity, as a whole, can have a well-rounded view with all perspectives)
- Manslaughter (Elly accidentally kills her comrades and deals with psychological issues as result)
- Mental health (mental illness and depression)
- Overpopulation and depopulation
- Parental abuse and parental abandonment
- Psychology (psychological damage and psychological warfare)
- Race, racism, racial purification, eugenics, the master race, and the desire to kill all humans who don't look a certain way or carry the "right" genes
- Religion and spirituality (theism, deism, agnosticism, and atheism, and the dangers any religion can have when followed blindly)
- Sexuality (Xenogears contains three implied sex scenes between Myyah/Ramsus, Elly/Fei and Kim/Elly. It also contains themes of rape, pedophilia, child molestation with the Ethos and children. There are incestual themes between Bart/Margie.)
- Slavery (spiritual and mental slavery/bondage)
- Technology and its role
- Torture - Fei was tortured by Myyah, Bart was tortured by Shakhan, Sigurd was tortured by Solaris
- Tradition (and why following tradition blindly is dangerous)
- Transhumanism - Karellen, who has merged with nanotechnology
- Trauma - Fei by Myyah resulting in Id, Elly by her accident, Ramsus by Id, Bart was so traumatized Shakhan by his torture that he had difficulty using a whip
- Truth and lies (and how truth will help humanity escape their mental prison and mental hell)
- Value (and how values can become skewed and/or taught to children)
- Wealth inequality
Major themes Edit
Xenogears delves into philosophical and psychological issues, using and examining terms and ideas from Carl Jung, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Sigmund Freud.
The most obvious allusion involves the nature of the game's protagonist, Fei Fong Wong, whose Freudian ego, superego, and id are discussed at length throughout the course of the game. Fei had subconsciously repressed his memories because of his unpleasant childhood. However, his desire to remember elements of his past eventually leads to his discovering the truth about who he is and what his relationship with the character known as 'Id' is. This repression also relates to the Jungian concept of the shadow.
Distinctly Adlerian in nature, however, are the actions of certain characters, such as Ramsus, whose actions are driven by an inferiority complex that stems from unconscious 'nodes' that often permeate exterior behaviors of an individual.
Although not distinctly psychological, allusions to the theories of the German philosopher Nietzsche are found in game. For example, there is the concept of the eternal return, which, in Xenogears, correlates to the recurrences of the Contact and the Antitype.
God and religionEdit
|“||God? Where does such a being exist? ...Can't you see that such a divine being just never existed from the beginning? And you don't seem to realize this, but you yourself were passing judgement on sinners as much as we were!||”|
The plot of Xenogears involves the main character killing a man-made creation called "Deus" of the "Yahweh interplanetary invasion system". Some fans have felt it a metaphor for discarding the Abrahamic god in favor of the Wave Existence. Another reference is Deus being supported by four pillars Metatron, Sandalphon, Harut and Marut, which reference angels and archangels in Judaism and Islam.
The protagonist Fei is called the "slayer of God" and the game contains a song called "One Who Bares Fangs at God".
Xenogears examines the relationship between humanity, deities, and the free will to choose. Sophia says, "Faith in god... Do not look for it on the outside... For it is something one must build from within oneself..."
The Wave Existence tells Fei, "God... some would refer to me as that. From a certain point of view, it is right to view me as such. But at the same time, I am not."
Like preceding Japanese media such as Shin Megami Tensei and anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion, Xenogears incorporated themes and references from various Abrahamic religions, and is viewed by some fans as commentary on those themes, such as the widespread effects of a destructive view of religion.
Xenogears has a religious institution called the Ethos, which is engaged in shady manipulation.
The game contains themes questioning blind faith towards religious authority, showing the church (Ethos) being corrupt and filled with in-fighting, as well as references to priests raping children.
Another theme is how god and religion, when not examined or questioned, can be used as a tool and a weapon by those to enslave and manipulate others.
Corruption, oppression, resistance and revolutionEdit
- Humanity is being ruled by a secret organization held within the floating city of Solaris, which controls the aspects and facets of society and manipulate people through propaganda and psychological warfare.
- An interconnected grouping of oppressive governments (the Gazel Ministry and Etrenank, Solaris) which do not care about the welfare of the people and instead only care about System Deus.
- The government bodies of various countries instigate and divides people to fight among themselves, both in secret and openly, for various reasons.
- Humans are subsequently turned into monsters called Reapers (Wels).
- Recycled meat in the Soylent System to be eaten by other humans, filled with additives to control the public.
- Human liberation and freedom from an oppressive regime, and from an alien will that seems contrary to what its creation wants.
- Xenogears criticizes the idea and notion that some humans are more inherently valuable than other humans because of birthright, genetic code, ideology, and that these humans are allowed to rule, dominate and control others.
- The game deals with mental programming and destructive thought patterns, and how difficult it is to undo it.
- Xenogears contains key examples of the dangers of people following people or ideas blindly without thought or question, the dangers of hive mentality, herd mentality, and how manipulation can occur.
- A theme in the game is how children are affected, both positively and negatively, by the actions of their parents, such as Fei and Maria Balthasar.
- Xenogears questions the need for war and violence. Kim Kasim says, "I don't care if they hear me. All the people here are also fools! Think about it. What's the purpose of fighting each other on such a tiny planet as this? Fighting out of fear of being hunted into a corner... Rushing in to fight as if there were only so many 'reserved seats' to the rights of life... Starting a war is stupid. Inciting it is also stupid. Killing people as an act of terrorism or as a protest of against wars that kill people is just as stupid. You're all fools!"
- Themes of xenophobia and racism are expressed in the hostile relationship between Solaris and Lambs, as well as Demi-humans in Kislev.
- Humans seek and want a place to belong - a place to call "home". The protagonist, Fei, loses everything - his mother, his village, his friends (Timothy and Alice). Early in the game, he is exiled from Lahan and considers suicide because he has nowhere left to go in the world. Citan says, "It is much easier to be given a place to belong to than to make one yourself." Fei says, "I, we, everyone... we just want to make a place where we can belong... That's what we were fighting for... But now..."
- Humans don't get along and are so different from one another, with conflicting beliefs and opinions. Karellen says, "Humans will never come to understand each other. You said that she is the person you love. But can you say that you even truly understand each other? All humans do is place themselves at a comfortable distance from each other and call that 'mutual understanding', 'spiritual unity', or 'true love'... but it is all lies! Man cannot associate with others without first deceiving themselves. That is the way that they were created." A Chu-chu in Shevat says, "You humans are truly unusual living beings, aren't chu? You're all like shattered fragments of a mirror."
- Yet, humanity's strength is because they are different, with a variety of opinions and beliefs, so that humanity, as a whole, can have a well-rounded view with all perspectives
- By nature, humans are intrinsically and inherently flawed. However, every human is different and has different strengths, talents, and flaws and weaknesses. Marguerite "Margie" Fatima says, "God could have created humans perfectly... But then, humans would not have helped each other." Elly says, "Some things only the weak can feel... But weakness does not make them servile. It's because they are weak, that they can develop kindness... and never look down on people. That is where real human interaction comes from. Everyone has weaknesses. Even you did at first. Your weakness drew you to each other... And made you grow strong. Never forget those feelings. When you all lived together side by side..."